Women’s Health

Being a man or a woman has a significant impact on health as a result of biological differences in our bodies. Women's health refers to the branch of medicine that focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of diseases and conditions affecting women.

We are able to do pap smears (or pap tests) according to the new gynaecology guidelines. This also entails testing for the presence of high-risk HPV (human papillomaviruses) to identify at-risk women who may develop cervical cancer. We also conduct clinical breast examinations to evaluate the breast for any lumps and teach patients how to conduct these at home too. We promote and refer patients for regular mammogram examinations and bone density scans when indicated.

Pap smear

A Pap smear is a screening procedure that examines the cervix for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells. The cervix is the uterine entrance. During the standard procedure, cells from the cervix are scraped away and examined for abnormal growth. The procedure is performed in and may be mildly unpleasant, but it rarely causes long-lasting pain.

Gynaecological exam

The purpose of a gynaecological exam is to evaluate the overall health of the female reproductive system. During the examination, the doctor will examine the external and internal reproductive organs, as well as the breasts, to identify any problems or conditions.

HPV and cervical cancer

The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a skin-to-skin transmitted virus. There are various types of HPV, of which more than forty are sexually transmitted and can affect the genital, oral, and throat regions. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells are found in the cervix, which connects the uterus and vagina. This cancer can affect the deeper cervix tissues and may spread or metastasise to other areas of the body. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which is vaccine-preventable, is responsible for the majority of cervical cancer cases.

Breast exam

A clinical breast exam (CBE) is a physical exam performed during your routine medical examination. A breast self-exam is an examination of the breasts performed by the patient themselves. It is important to discuss any new breast changes with your doctor as some changes may be a sign of underlying health problems.

Bone density scan

A bone density scan uses low-dose x-rays to determine bone density. This test is used to diagnose or evaluate the risk of osteoporosis, a disease that weakens bones and increases their fragility.


1How often should you get a breast exam?
It is recommended that women have breast exams between every one and three years.
2How often should you get a gynaecological exam?
Typically, an annual gynaecological exam is sufficient.
3How dangerous is HPV?
HPV is something that needs to be monitored as it is known to lead to cervical cancer and other types of cancer.